HELPING OUR SENIORS
Elder Abuse is a Worldwide Problem
Pamela B. Smith, Director, County's Aging & Independence Services
Some Asian countries have been held up as models in the
treatment of older adults, where elders are revered and
often remain in the family home when they need care.
Unfortunately times are changing. Just a month ago,
Japan instituted its first elder abuse law to try to stem a growing problem
has had a family-
system, and the
character of that
private and respected
as such. Typically the eldest son’s wife is the caregiver of her in-laws, often
against her wishes.
Various forms of elder abuse are now being identified in Japanese families, with daughters-in-law as the most common perpetrators. Also, with major cultural changes occurring, especially in more urban areas of Japan, caregiving is shifting from that family model to a more formal, community-based caregiving system. With the advent of “outsiders” now being involved in the care of elders, the incidence of abuse and neglect is becoming more noticeable.
With this awareness of elder abuse in Japan, the question arises: how are other nations treating their older adults? This is an especially important question when you consider that by the year 2025, the global population of those age 60 and older will reach 1.2 billion, double the number from just 1995.
In June, the International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA) organized the first annual World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (June 15) to call attention to the commonality of elder abuse issues worldwide, as well as some of the unique cultural differences.
In Africa, for example, older people (usually women) are scapegoated for problems that hit the community, such as drought and epidemic deaths. They can be ostracized or even killed. In Tanzania, land shortages have led to accusations of witchcraft, forcing older women from their homes. In Argentina, 45 percent of an urban sample of older persons reported that they had been mistreated, most often through psychological abuse. Three years ago, Israel’s first national survey on elder abuse found a high rate of neglect impacting both Jewish and Arab seniors.
In developing countries, where most of the world’s older persons live — most of them poor — there have been few studies and no systematic collection of statistics regarding elder abuse. Even so, there is evidence from crime records, news reports filed by journalists, social welfare records and some small studies, that elder abuse (physical, emotional and financial) is widespread.
In the U.S., studies on elder abuse are also in their infancy, compared to research on child abuse and domestic violence. There is no consistent elder abuse reporting method among all the states, so it’s not possible to track numbers for the nation. One common statistic is that only one out of every 14 instances of elder abuse is reported, but even that is a guess.
Locally, Adult Protective Services, a program of Aging & Independence Services, investigates reports of elder abuse countywide. In 2004, APS investigated 8,146 cases of elder abuse. In 2005, there were 9,117 cases. We expect the number of cases to grow again this year.
Every day we need to stay alert to the signs of elder abuse in whatever form: physical, psychological, neglect and financial abuse. If you suspect abuse, call 1-800-510-2020. You can make a major difference in someone’s life.
Salud+HealthInfo is for information and educational purposes only. You should not rely on this information as a substitute for personal medical attention, diagnosis or hands-on treatment. If you are concerned abut your health or that of a child, please consult your family's physician or health provider immediately and do not try to diagnose yourself.